Category: General

The colors and fabrics of a graduate’s gown vary depending on the degree awarded. A Bachelor of Science degree, for example, will have a velvet trim in light or golden yellow. Similarly, a Master of Science in Science and Technology degree will have a velvet trim in peacock blue or light orange. The colors for doctorates vary wildly, but the same principle applies. But, the hood has been around for centuries, and there are many different kinds. So, let’s explore some of the different types. And find out how they have come to represent the highest levels of degrees.

European influence on academic regalia in the United States

In a traditional sense, academic hoods symbolize an advanced degree, such as a master’s or doctoral degree. While the United States has always had its interpretation of the academic dress tradition, it owes much to the traditions of the European universities. The first American university, Penn, developed internal standards for its regalia in 1887. Regardless of the origins, wearing regalia has been a symbol of academic success and dedication.

The Penn state caps & gowns of professors and university officers are typically formal, with a long gown, a white tie, and a velvet mortarboard. Some professors wear a scarlet cappa clausa, while others wear plain cotton. The colors of the academic field are also distinct, with daffodils worn by professors of literature and amaranth worn by scientists. Other colors are scarlet red and violet for law and theology, which university rectors wear.

Academic hoods 

The academic hood is a traditional garment worn during graduation ceremonies. It is meant to hang low on the back and envelop the wearer. It is sometimes trimmed with a colored lining. Academic hoods are traditionally attached to the gown and can be worn over the head for warmth. The hoods differ in length and feature cape-like facing across the back. The colors of the lining and facing represent the university or academic discipline that awards the degree. A doctorate may also wear a doctoral hood.

The color of the academic hood can identify the difference between a bachelor’s and doctoral gown. Typically, the hood is a solid color, but some schools use chevrons and bars to create a more exciting look. The hood also indicates the degree earned. The color of doctorate hoods and gowns may differ from the Code standards. Bachelor’s and associate’s gowns are typically black or gray, while doctorate-level gowns are often scarlet or peacock blue. Several American colleges have adopted colored academic gowns as early as the late nineteenth century. While the Code sanctions only black as the color for academic wear, some colleges have begun to incorporate colors. Stony Brook University, for instance, has a scarlet-colored undergraduate gown, while Stanford has a bottle-green doctoral gown.

Generally, hoods are made of fabric approved by the American Council on Education (ACE). Usually, souvenir quality hoods are made with the same fabric as the shell, with velveteen colored trim instead of velvet. Academics often wear it at university ceremonies, professionals at conferences, and teachers during school assemblies. Because academic hoods are so specific to the university, they also symbolize where you studied.

Academic chimere

The chimere is the robe worn by clergy members, bishops and clerics. Its origins can be traced back to post-Reformation England, where the Hampton Court Conference authorized it. It is usually made of corded ottoman silk, and the best examples are black or scarlet. The chimere may be worn over the rochet of the liturgical dress.

The tradition of academic regalia has roots in colonial colleges. The Intercollegiate Code sets a uniform scheme for academic regalia, but not all institutions follow it. In the United States, the tradition dates back to the colonial period but has been influenced by different styles.

Academic robe

The robe undergraduates wear black with a white or gold tassel and mortarboard. On the other hand, doctorate holders wear a four-foot hood with a five-inch hood opening. Both types of hoods are formal and prestigious. In addition, the hoods are trimmed with a hood color that corresponds to the school’s academic degree program.

The two types of academic gowns differ in style and material. A bachelor’s gown has long, pointed sleeves and is closed at the front. A master’s degree gown has oblong sleeves and a square cut down the rear of the robe. Doctoral gowns have bell-shaped sleeves. In addition, the doctoral gown is usually trimmed with three vertical bars of black velvet.

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As an Au Pair, you may be eager to help children and adults learn the local language and culture. The first thing you should do is ask yourself whether you would be able to stay committed for the long haul. You must also like spending time with children. Because Au Pair tasks are mostly tied to childcare, you will appreciate this experience only if you enjoy caring for children. Most Host Families require their Au Pair to have prior childcare experience. You may have babysat or worked at a kindergarten or similar social institution in the past. Becoming an au pair is a highly time-consuming job and can be mentally taxing. So to avoid any problems, read on for some valuable tips.

Be honest with your host family.

One of the best ways to make the most of your time as an au pair is, to be honest with your host family. Be open and honest about your duties and needs. Choosing the first family that offers you a position may be tempting, but you’ll be happier if you’re real. This way, you’ll avoid awkward misunderstandings and problems.

If you’re new to the country, be honest with your potential host family. For example, if you have limited driving experience, mention it in your application. Many host families don’t realize you’re an independent foreigner, and they will appreciate your honesty.

Stand up for yourself.

While the job of an au pair can be rewarding, it is not always easy. Aside from the responsibility of caring for children, an au pair needs to be available at all times. In addition, they may experience homesickness, so they need some time to relax. First, stand out in the application process to impress the interviewers. Also, consider what you have done for other children in the past.

Be prepared for culture shock and language barriers. The program will test your patience and maturity. A good au pair will be eager to meet new people and cultures. Stand out as an au pair with a resume. Once accepted, you get the opportunity to experience the joys of working in a new country.

Communicate with them

Once you have accepted an offer to be an au pair, you will need to learn how to communicate with your host family. One of the first things you should explain to your children is why they should feel comfortable having you in their home. Unlike a regular family member, an au pair will play and care for your children in your absence. If you are a parent, you can introduce your au pair to other families of similar age.

Ask your Au Pair about their experience in childcare and what they enjoy working with kids. Find out how many children they have taken care of, how old they were, and whether they worked alone or in a team. Ask them how long they have been working with children and if they are good with children.

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If you’re thinking about : “Can I play casino online for real money?” you’re in luck! The online gambling experience is much like playing at a Vegas casino. You create an account, claim a welcome bonus, and make your first deposit. There are literally no limits to the amount of money you can win. As with any other gambling experience, it’s important to stick to your budget and never wager more than you can afford to lose.

Can I legally gamble online in the US?

There are some legal restrictions against playing online poker and gambling in the US. The Federal Wire Act of 1961 forbids interstate gambling. It is considered legal to place a bet in one state, but it is illegal to do so with a bookie in another state. In order to circumvent these restrictions, you should make sure you are aware of the laws in your state. You may be in awe to learn that some states haven’t passed laws against online gambling.

The federal government does not regulate gambling, but state legislators regulate it differently. For example, some states ban online casino gambling, while others do not. In the case of poker, some states allow residents to participate in poker online. Many states have also legalized online sports betting. It all depends on the specific state’s gambling laws, so be sure to check with the appropriate authority before getting started. The best way to determine if online gambling is legal in your state is to research the rules and regulations.

If you’re an avid gambler in the US, the first step is finding a legal place to play. The states that have legalized online gambling are Nevada, Delaware, and South Dakota. Other states will follow suit in the near future. So for now, you can play online poker in the US, but there are many legal states that prohibit it. You’ll find a number of online casinos that accept players from your state.

What states can you gamble legally online in?

If you’re thinking about starting a gambling venture online, you’re probably wondering, “What States is online gambling legal in?” Unlike traditional gambling, which is legal anywhere in the United States, online gambling is not illegal in every state. In fact, more are moving to legalize it, and a lot of states are now offering some form of online gambling, such as poker and casinos. While each state is different in its approach to online gambling, there are a few basic steps that any player can take to ensure that his or her gambling activities remain legal.

The first step towards legalizing online gambling is to determine which state is willing to allow it. Online gambling includes poker, casino games, and sports betting. While most states have legalized sports betting, not all do. Some states have banned all forms of online gambling altogether, and others have limited regulation of these activities. As a result, the question of “What States is online gambling legal in?” is important for players in these states.

In West Virginia, a state law was passed in March 2019 to allow online casinos. Governor Jim Justice, who owns a local casino, has a stake in these developments. While online casinos weren’t launched right away, in July 2020, DraftKings Casino and BetMGM partnered with The Greenbrier to make online gambling legal in the state. However, these states may not be so quick to legalize online gambling.

What are the benefits of online gambling?

Among the benefits of online gambling, the convenience factor is a big one. You can gamble anytime and anywhere from the comfort of your home. Many casinos offer free trial versions of their games to let you try them out before committing to a deposit. Online casinos also offer free games to practice your skills. Many players love the ease and convenience of playing their favorite casino games from the comfort of their own home. You can even play for fun and win real cash!

Apart from being convenient, online gambling is also very easy to access. You can play at any time of the day, even when you’re asleep. Another benefit is that you don’t have to dress up or leave your house, which makes online gambling a much more attractive proposition than traditional gambling establishments. Online gambling is also available on your mobile device, so you can gamble while walking or taking a bath. And because of the wide availability of games, you’ll never miss out on any game again.

Gambling helps in the reduction negative emotions. It improves your concentration and improves your memory. You’ll be able to focus for long periods of time, which is an important benefit for people who struggle with attention disorders. In addition to that, it also improves your social skills. You can meet new people and socialize with them, pool your resources, and split the winnings. So, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t play online!

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There are various things to consider when buying a wheelchair, but the most important things to look for include seat depth, Footrests, Sunshades, and weight. This article is geared toward helping you in your search for the perfect wheelchair. Read on to learn more. This article contains Quick and practical tips about wheelchair for sale.


There are many benefits of footrests for wheelchairs, and choosing one that suits your specific needs is a good idea. A footrest is an important feature, as it prevents pressure sores, back pain, and other issues. However, choosing a footrest is not as difficult as it may sound, and there are many wheelchair options available.

Seat depth

The seat depth of a wheelchair is an essential factor to consider, as it directly affects biomechanics and comfort. Seats that are too long cause the user to extend their legs and to experience forward slipping, while seats that are too short put undue stress on the buttocks region and can affect mobility. The seat depth should be between 16 and 20 inches, or approximately two inches deeper than the wheelchair user’s height for optimum comfort.


If you use a wheelchair, you must look for shades that offer a durable cover against the elements. In addition, many sunshades for wheelchairs come with a drink holder that allows wheelchair users to keep their drinks close to them. Sunshades for wheelchairs are also vital as they protect the user from harmful UV rays that can cause sunburn and dehydration. These shades can be used both inside and outside, and many models even double as umbrellas.


If you need a wheelchair-accessible vehicle, you may wish to look into funding sources available in your area. Many nonprofit organizations provide grants or loans for people with certain disabilities. In addition, charities and churches often hold fund raising events that are specifically targeted to those with physical limitations. Regardless of your financial situation, there are ways to get the wheelchair-accessible vehicle you need without breaking the bank.


If you are planning a road trip for your wheelchair-accessible for sale vehicle, there are a few things that you should do regularly. Fall weather is upon us, and this is the perfect time to schedule maintenance on wheelchair accessible for sale vehicles. Performing routine maintenance on wheelchair accessible for sale vehicles will help to keep them in top condition. The first step in routine maintenance is lubrication. You should also check the bolts holding the ramp motor and pivot pin. Also, the drive arm and pivot pin should be lubricated. Then, the hinges and locks of the doors should be well-lubricated. Lastly, you should also check the sliding door harness for damage.

Finding a used wheelchair accessible vehicle

If you are looking for a wheelchair-accessible vehicle, you’re not the only one. A wheelchair van can be an excellent option for people who need a car that is both comfortable and functional. There are many types of accessible vans on the market, and finding one that fits your needs is easier than you think. is a company that offers wheelchair van conversions on a wide range of minivans and full-size vans. In addition, you can choose from different major brands in the market.. Please feel free to visit their site for more details about wheelchair accessible for sale.

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There are various factors to consider before opting to install access control for your business. One of the first is the level of security you need for your company’s data. While this may not be as important as it sounds, your data can still be of considerable threat if it’s not properly authorized. For this reason, implementing access control for your business is critical.  This article really gave an on-point review about Best Access Control Systems Compared by Visit their site for more details!

Cloud-based access control

cloud-based access control for business can be an invaluable tool for security departments, especially those that collaborate with external partners. Without a reliable access control system, workers may be required to hand over access cards to other people and even the freelancers they hire can misuse them. Instead, cloud access management systems store access rights centrally, making it easy to update and change access lists. These systems also feature expiration dates that ensure only authorized personnel have access to important areas of the building.

With the help of a cloud-based access control for business, companies can see all data related to monitored access points at any time. Access permissions and set entry schedules are synched across the entire network, giving businesses a competitive edge. Additionally, a cloud-based access control for business can also help co-working operators set up a fair business model, charging for lockers and roll cabinets. Co-working operators can even lease complete locking systems.

Discretionary access control

There are a few key differences between mandatory and discretionary access control for business. With mandatory access control, you can’t customize the access that people can gain to certain areas, such as files, folders, or computers. Instead, security policy administrators decide the limits of access, based on the operating system’s constraints. In contrast, with discretionary access control, you can customize the access that people can gain to different parts of your network. These differences make discretionary access control a good fit for any business.

Discretionary access control allows you to choose how many people have access to certain areas and services within your business. Each access control point maintains a list of authorised users. When someone uses their credential to gain access to an area, the system will check the user’s identity against the list and grant or deny access according to the previously set allowances. This is the most popular approach for businesses that don’t want to overly restrict access or risk losing valuable data.

Physical access control

If you own a business, you likely need to implement a physical access control system for your employees and visitors. Physical access control helps you manage parking, restrict access, and meet compliance requirements. There are many different benefits to using this technology. Let’s take a look at some of them. Here are some of the most important ones. 1. It makes your building safer and healthier

One of the biggest benefits of a physical access control system is that it can make your facility safer and more secure. It can also help you monitor visitors, contractors, and suppliers. It also reduces internal security problems. By making keys and access points more difficult to duplicate, you can ensure the security of your business from multiple angles. It’s important to remember that a physical access control system should have universal elements so that it’s compatible with your other security systems.

Mobile access control

The smartphone has revolutionized security and access control. However, the idea of implementing mobile access control for your business may seem daunting. Questions about cost, practicality, and whether you’ll need to invest in new door hardware may be on your mind. Fortunately, going mobile is easier than you may think. According to Omdia, mobile credentials will grow by 220% in the next two years. Here’s how mobile access control for your business can benefit your business.

While physical access control relies on physical tokens, mobile access control is completely wireless and cloud-based. This means that you can program your system from anywhere at any time, and you can update access rights from your smartphone without having to physically distribute keys. In addition to making access control simple and convenient, mobile systems can also reduce costs and headaches related to lost or stolen physical keys. Physical keys are prone to loss and theft, and with a mobile access control system, you can keep track of your users anywhere, anytime.

Integrated physical and logical access control

Integrated physical and logical access control is one of the most effective ways to manage the access to your business. With physical access control, you can keep track of who is coming and going, and who is not. For example, if Bob logs on to your wireless network, you can set up an alert to let the security team know that Bob is not supposed to be in the building. By integrating these two systems, you can make the entire system more effective.

Integrated physical and logical access control helps to ensure that unauthorized individuals are not able to gain access to critical assets such as data and other important information. It uses user management software that allows administrators to set up rules around credentials. Physical access control safeguards office, school campus, or store locations by requiring designated individuals to carry physical keys to enter. Unauthorized individuals may not have the necessary credentials to access sensitive areas, which can pose higher security risks.

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We can all agree that sleep is essential for overall good health but in reality, more and more people are having a hard time in getting a good quality nightly sleep. Statistics about insufficient sleep shows that 35.2% of all adults in the United States sleep on average for less than seven hours per night. That’s two hours below the recommended number of hours for adults.

There are reasons that contribute to factors that affect your sleep negatively. It could be eating and drinking the wrong type of foods or not having the discipline to stick to your sleep-wake schedule. But, did you know that your bedroom arrangement could be the reason why you are not getting the goodnight sleep that you deserve?

The bedroom is a place for sleeping, a special area for you to relax and rest to keep you energized the next day. There are conclusive studies that adults should have at least 7 to 9 hours of quality nightly sleep and if you are not hitting the recommended hours of sleep better consider checking your bedroom and its arrangement.

  1. No to clutter! Your bedroom should evoke a relaxing vibe and having clutter around will surely defy this ideal. Clutter with disorganized stuff everywhere will feed mental chaos which affects your ability to have quality sleep. Get rid of the stuff that does not belong in your bedroom. Organize your things and put in some time and effort in maintaining a clutter free space in your bedroom.
  2. Create a sense of serenity. A serene space is visually appealing and mentally conducive for relaxing. Arrange your bedroom by starting to incorporate special pieces or items that represent serenity. It could be those simple nature inspired photo displays or a that mood enhancing nightlamp. A change of bedroom paint would help too.
  3. No work at the bedroom. Ban anything that reminds you of work including your laptop, computer and smartphone. Always remember that your bedroom is for sleeping and not for working or taking care of bills.
  4. Your bed, mattress and sheets matter! Perhaps it’s time to upgrade to a comfortable bed with good mattress and soft quality sheet/comforter sets. Your sheets and mattress are tangible pieces that provide a good relaxing tactile sensation. Your mattress and sheets should also provide you comfort as you slumber away to dreamland. For people who are really having a tough time sleeping at night, a quality mattress and bed sheets might not be enough and a luxury adjustable base for a bed might the answer. Do not hesitate to start investing on your quality sleep because you are also investing on your wellbeing.
  5. Keep it cool and cozy. Regulate the temperature in your bedroom, according to studies the ideal is between 60 to 67 degrees. You can never have a good sleep if you shiver or sweat at bed. If you need a humidifier especially on cold dryer months, it’s time to invest in one.

Just like the food we eat and drink, sleep is essential. It is vital for maintaining good mental and physical help so we continue at life with better disposition.

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Is your child heading into preschool soon? If you’re nervous about how your child will adjust to the preschool environment and adapt to having a regular school routine, there are a few ways to help prepare him or her for the change. Check out your top three options for easing your child into preschool life.

  1. Visit the Preschool Early so Your Child Can Start Making Friends

You may have already begun researching the best preschool near me, but have you visited the schools you’re considering in person? Taking your child to visit the school before the first day can help him or her get comfortable with the environment, and may even give him or her a head start on making new friends.

  1. Play Educational Games at Home To Foster Essential Skills

Teaching your child some essential skills at home can help equip him or her to handle preschool well. You can do this by playing educational games at home. For example, you could:

  • Read picture books together
  • Start practicing writing out the alphabet
  • Work on arts and crafts together
  • Go bird watching
  • Go camping and star gazing
  1. Start Getting Your Child Into an Everyday School Routine

One of the toughest parts of starting preschool for any child is getting used to the new routine, so why not have your child practice his or her everyday school routine ahead of time? A few weeks or months before the start of school, your child should practice:

  • Going to bed early
  • Getting up in time for school
  • Getting ready in the morning on time
  • Packing a lunch or snacks the night before
  • Getting work done before having playtime

Getting your little one ready to start preschool may feel intimidating or complicated, but these three steps can help you ease your child into this new schedule. Visiting the school, teaching key skills at home, and practicing an everyday school routine can be helpful tools to prepare your child for preschool.

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Many people have lost their jobs due to the Covid-19 pandemic. At least 275,000 people were left jobless in 2020. Are you one of them? The good news is, there is a subsidized cell phone for people like you. You can use this service to reinvent yourself by sending out job applications or for following up on jobs.

Here are some benefits of subsidized cell phone services:

You make any phone call

The best thing about subsidized cell phone services is that you can phone landlines and cell phone numbers as well.

You can receive calls

You can receive calls just like any person who has a cell phone.

You can listen to your voicemail

You can also manage your voicemail. Listen to those missed calls, jot down messages, and return calls.

What do you need to know about subsidized cell phone minutes and texting?

Most subsidized cell phone services offer a maximum number of minutes per month. For instance, subsidized cell phone Oklahoma-based you get a certain number of free minutes. You need to ensure that you don’t deplete those minutes on calls that won’t benefit you.

Lastly, giving your subsidized number to your social worker, a probation officer, may not always be a good idea. Why? Because your minutes are limited. When you call them, always alert them that you are calling from a subsidized number.

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Pawnshops are small businesses that provide financial assistance to people with portable security. A pawn shop offers convenient transaction deals between the buyer and the seller. It is, however, helpful to pay attention to various considerations when choosing a pawn shop.


A good pawn shop is compliant with the relevant laws and regulations. The owners need to have more than one license to operate, including a second dealer and a broker license. If you are pawning an item, you need to offer proper storage facilities and insurance cover to protect against theft or damage.

When looking for a pawn business provider, it is important to transact with a licensed one. If a trader is not licensed, they are not compliant with the laws governing the area, and doing business with such traders may get you into legal problems.

Customer Service

A reputable provider of pawn services offers good customer service skills and is attractive to new customers. You can notice this by how the staff members treat you when you walk into the business premises. You are looking for friendly staff who are ready to offer assistance to clients in a respectful manner.

A good pawn shop does not give false information to the customers. They are upfront about their loan terms, conditions, and policies. All paperwork is written clearly and contains the necessary information and the details of the contract. The terms of sale should be clearly stated in the agreement, and the charges are based on the item’s current condition.

Understanding Terms and Conditions of the shop

Before choosing a pawn shop, it is important to understand how they work, the challenges you are likely to face, and the conditions that should be met. You give the shop your item for a limited period at pawn shops in exchange for a small cash loan. The repayments are made within a predetermined time, which includes interest and fees. If you do not repay the loan within the agreed period, the shop owner sells your item to recover the money.

When you take an item to the pawnshop, you may decide whether to pawn or sell it. If you are uncertain about the loan repayment, it is advisable to do a complete sale. It will help to have a valuation of your property to understand how much it is worth. It will help you to avoid getting less for the item.

Reviews and Testimonials

Upon identifying a pawn shop, it is important to go through customer reviews and testimonials on the online platforms. The shop website will provide you with valuable information about customer testimonials. You can also ask around to get views of what people recommend about the shop.

A reputable shop has many positive reviews from clients. The reviews and testimonials help you understand how genuine the business is and whether customers are satisfied with the services. Honest businesses post all the feedback and provide answers to commonly asked questions on their websites.


When choosing a pawn shop, it is important to work with a business close to where you live. You are looking for a shop that has operated in a similar location for many years. If you feel uncomfortable about a business deal despite having met the necessary legal requirements, staying away from the business is important.

If the business is newly formed, you need to take time and assess the reputation to prevent falling into traps.

Before trading with a pawning business, it is helpful to determine the market price of the item you are selling or buying. You can carry out market research to get the value of your goods upfront. It will help you with an estimate of what to expect from the pawnbroker.

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